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Mastering Input in Python: A Comprehensive Guide

published 354 days, 2 hours, 23 minutes ago posted by DhruvDhruv 361 days, 21 hours, 21 minutes ago
Tuesday, March 7, 2023 12:53:20 PM GMT Monday, February 27, 2023 5:55:36 PM GMT

The blog titled "Taking Input in Python" published on GeeksforGeeks explains the various methods of taking input in Python. Python provides several built-in functions to read input from the user or from a file.

The first method explained in the blog is using the input() function. The input() function reads a line of text entered by the user and returns it as a string. The input() function takes an optional string argument that is displayed as a prompt to the user before the input is taken. The input() function can be used to take input of any data type, but the input is always returned as a string. Therefore, it is necessary to convert the input into the desired data type before using it in the program.

The next method explained in the blog is using the sys.stdin.readline() function. The sys module provides access to some variables used or maintained by the interpreter and to functions that interact strongly with the interpreter. The sys.stdin.readline() function reads a line of text from the standard input stream (stdin) and returns it as a string. Unlike the input() function, the readline() function does not strip the newline character at the end of the line. Therefore, it is necessary to strip the newline character using the strip() function before using the input in the program.

The blog also explains the use of the rawinput() function in Python 2.x. The rawinput() function is similar to the input() function in Python 3.x. However, the raw_input() function always returns the input as a string. Therefore, it is necessary to convert the input into the desired data type before using it in the program.

The blog also covers the use of the command-line arguments to take input. The sys.argv variable is a list in Python that contains the command-line arguments passed to the script. The first argument, sys.argv[0], is the name of the script itself. The other arguments can be accessed using sys.argv[1], sys.argv[2], and so on. The command-line arguments are always passed as strings, so it is necessary to convert them into the desired data type before using them in the program.

Finally, the blog covers the use of the file input/output functions to read input from a file. The open() function is used to open a file in Python. The read() function can be used to read the entire contents of a file into a string. The readline() function can be used to read a single line from a file. The readlines() function can be used to read all the lines from a file into a list.

In conclusion, the blog "Taking Input in Python" provides a comprehensive guide on the various methods of taking input in Python. The input() function, sys.stdin.readline() function, raw_input() function (Python 2.x), command-line arguments, and file input/output functions are all explained in detail. The blog also provides examples of how to use these functions to take input in Python.

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1 comment posted.

  • url Tuesday, March 7, 2023 11:42:31 AM GMT

    priyapriya 354 days, 3 hours, 34 minutes ago said:

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